Discover how this Homemade Goat Milk Infant Formula Changed my Daughters Life

by Joe Stout on May 7, 2012

EDIT: 1/21/14. Thank you everyone for your kind responses and questions. I apologize for not responding sooner to many of your comments. I have recently posted Frequently Asked Questions. I will try and get all the comments up to date. In the mean time. Check out the FAQ page and see if your question is answered there. I will update that post as more questions come in. Thanks so much!

In a world where narcissism reigns supreme, blogs tend to be the schoolyard where the truly self-absorbed come out to play (alone of course). Here at Mt. Capra we’ve attempted to deliver helpful articles without being too into ourselves but today we’re breaking the mold and getting personal.

I have been a lifetime goat milk consumer due to a nasty allergy I had developed as a young child to cow milk. A careless licked ice cream spoon was all it took to send me over the edge and into an intense allergic reaction. It was safe to call my allergy severe but I can’t claim that it was unusual. Cow milk allergy is the number one allergy in kids and symptoms include irritability, vomiting, wheezing, swelling, hives, and even anaphylactic shock! Thankfully the solution to this problem became evident and I was immediately placed on goat milk and thrived.

Fast forward nearly 30 years and I am married with my own family. My wife Elizabeth and I have 3 children and another on the way.

Liesl is 9 months and it was with her that I saw firsthand, the genetic impact I had on my children. Because we have been blessed with children that are very close in age, it was necessary to supplement breast-feeding with some kind of formula. The standard recommendation in such a case is to put your baby on some kind of basic Enfamil/Similac formula.  Since we wanted to do what was best for our little girl we went and bought a bottle of the powder. While it nearly costs us an arm and a leg, we were willing to do it because what parent doesn’t want to give their children only the best.

While it may seem obvious now that Liesl would be allergic to the formula, at the time, Elizabeth and I were both shocked at the severity of her allergy to the product. Right away we noticed, hives on her cheeks, legs, and arms. She then developed an awful diaper rash, as well as severe diarrhea. Needless to say we took her off of that formula immediately and started her on goat milk.

Now I believe goat milk is the perfect alternative to cow milk and I wasn’t satisfied with the homemade infant formulas I saw being discussed online primarily because they all relied on cow milk. Cow milk contains an extremely allergenic protein called alpha s1 casein which is the reason it is the number one allergy causing substance in kids. Anyway, I was convinced that a goat milk formula was what was needed and I decided to put my six and half years of nutrition study to work. While goat milk is the perfect alternative to cow milk in an infant formula, an infants needs are slightly different than those of an adult or even a young child. First, if goat milk is the sole food being provided to an infant than protein content needs to be taken into account. The milk should be diluted to lower the protein content. This will ensure that the formula doesn’t contain protein levels that would be stressful to the newly formed kidneys of the infant. However once you lower the protein levels by diluting the milk, you now have to increase the calories, carbohydrates, and fat, accordingly to make up for the dilution level.

The below chart on the left shows the nutrition levels of breast milk. While goat milk is one of the closest milks to human milk, there is are still few nutritional gaps that needs to be equalized. Therefore if you follow the recipe I outline below, the nutrition information of your goat milk infant formula should look like the chart on the right.

Human Breast Milk Nutrition Facts vs. Goat Milk Infant Formula Nutrition Facts

Pretty much nutritionally exact.

Note: breast feeding is always better and that no formula can match it.
Our goal is to come as close as nutritionally possible.

Now I want to make clear that this formula I have used for my daughter was introduced after she started eating solid food. This means that she was getting supplemental vitamins and minerals from the fruits and vegetables we were currently feeding. These foods were only ancillarcy though and the milk (formula) is still the primary calorie source. Also I should note, that while I have multiple degrees in nutrition, it is up to each parent to discuss with their doctor how they want to introduce this goat milk formula.

Recipe for Homemade Goat Milk Infant Formula

(Note: The proportions listed are for making an 8 oz. bottle.) 

Goat Milk Powder
1 tbsp. This is the most important part of the formula because it delivers much needed protein, fat, and carbohydrates in a form that is easily digestible and absorbable. If you can get your hands on safe, raw goat milk, do it, otherwise I recommend using CapraMilk.

Note: CapraMilk is back in stock! We have a limited supply so get it while it lasts!

Coconut Oil
1 tsp. This is one of nature’s greatest fat sources. Don’t let our high strung public health officials scare you into thinking saturated fat is all bad. Without saturated fat, we would all be dead. The saturated fat in coconut oil is high in medium chain triglycerides, and contains such important compounds as lauric acid which is found in high amount in breast milk.

Olive Oil
1 tsp. Olive oil delivers more healthy fats, this time in the form of monounsaturated fats. Make sure you buy a high quality brand as many olive oils have been adulterated with lesser quality oils. The Kirkland Signature variety from Costco has been a good source for us but you may find others that work well too.

1 tbsp. There is a bit more room for flexibility in this arena because there are a lot of high quality carbohydrates that can be used. I recommend organic raw, turbinado sugar, lactose, organic maple syrup, or brown rice syrup. This is an important component because the main nutrient in breast milk is carbohydrates. I use the turbinado sugar that I found at Safeway.

Blackstrap molasses
⅛ tsp. This thick black syrup is high in vitamins and minerals and keeps baby from getting constipated so be careful not to give too much! Make sure you get the unsulphured variety as it is far better for your little one I bought my bottle at Safeway.

Infant probiotic strain
⅛ tsp. Probiotics are a naturally high in breast milk and there are several different strains that are perfectly designed for infants. Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, and Saccaromyces boulardii all have clinical research that shows safety in infants as well as many beneficial effects. I recommend the Garden of Life brand but there are many high quality infant probiotics available. Since most probably will only recommend them for kids 3 and up, I suggest only using half a dose.

Natural source of vitamins
1 tsp. I came across an all natural multivitamin drop that is readily absorbable called Country Life: Maxi Baby Care. This is not the only available multivitamin drop for infants but it is the best one I have found. Feel free to comment if you’ve found a better one.

A free download for you!

Goat Milk Formula Recipe Card

I have spent many hours researching and refining this goat milk infant formula recipe. I have formatted it into a convenient recipe card size that is easily printable and comes with step by step instructions. It also has a conversions table so that you can mix 1 pint, 1 quart, and 1 gallonof the formula without doing a single calculation in your head. How’s that for convenience! I will send it to you instantly if you put your name and email in the form below and confirm your subscription to the “Inner Circle” newsletter. 

Sign up for the ‘Inner Circle’ newsletter and get your free download today!

Let me know what you think!

This has been a formula that has worked wonders for our daughter and I think it can work wonders for your kids. Once again, let me stress the importance of talking about this with your doctor before you get started.
I would love to hear your feedback in the comment section.

Here’s to your health!

Joe Stout, M.S. - Clinical Nutrition ScientistJoe Stout, M.S.,  President of Mt. Capra, received his Bachelors of Science degree in Human Nutrition and Food Science from Washington State University and a Masters of Science degree in Clinical Human Nutrition from the University of Bridgeport. He has written for various magazines and is the editor of The High Road to Health newsletter. A nutrition teacher and speaker, he lives with his beautiful wife and 3 wonderful children in Washington State.

{ 610 comments… read them below or add one }

Cindy June 30, 2014 at 3:09 pm

Can anyone tell me: if I am using raw goats milk do I have to dilute it with water half n half? Also how much do I use with this receive?


Jessica Rodriguez July 16, 2014 at 3:26 pm

Hi there, just wanted ti let you know that all my research says YES we do still need to dilute the fresh milk. 50/50 so 4oz milk, 4oz water :)


Julie June 30, 2014 at 9:54 pm

I felt like my kitchen was turning into an OILY STICKY mess making this formula 4 times a day. Today I had an idea that I thought I’d share. I liquefied the coconut oil and put the 1 tsp coconut oil, 1 tsp olive oil and the 1/8 tsp molasses into ice cube trays and FROZE them. The mixture is shallow enough that it freezes quickly and is able to slip right into the bottle to thaw. I had 3 trays so I was able to make 48 bottles worth in a matter of minutes and now I don’t have to mess with the oils for almost 2 WEEKS!!! I couldn’t find anything saying the oils lost any health properties being frozen so please let me know if this is a NO, NO. :)


Christine July 13, 2014 at 10:20 pm

I think that’s brilliant Julie! My only challenge would be to get it to defrost in time for consumption but I may try that. Thanks for the idea!


Julie Ward July 26, 2014 at 7:01 am

I actually put about 2 oz or so of super hot water into the bottle and drop in the oil ice cube then add the dry ingredients shake it and add luke warm water…It is usually thoroughly dissolved by the time my little one is putting it into her mouth :)
***UPDATE on freezing the oils and molasses***
I noticed that the molasses was sinking to the bottom and being a sticky mess at the bottom of the ice cube tray. After trial and error I found that putting in the liquefied coconut oil in first and freezing for 10 mins then adding the olive oil and molasses in that order was the key to nice easy to pop out cubes that left no molasses behind in the tray. You can use a spoon to help pop them out after they are frozen through and store these oil cubes in a freezer bag for quick and easy bottles!!


Julie Ward July 26, 2014 at 7:17 am

I also started combining larger amounts of the GOAT MILK and Turbinado Sugar together in a separate container. I add 1 cup powdered milk and measure out 1 cup turbinado sugar (before I add the sugar I take out 2 Tb and 2 tsp of it to accommodate for only needing 2 1/2 tsp sugar to 1 Tb milk) SHAKE IT THOROUGHLY and then repeat. Then when I make the bottle I can just add a little less than 2 TB of the dry mixture and be done!! Doing this in conjunction to freezing the oils really makes bottle prep a BREEZE!!


John August 13, 2014 at 4:24 am

That is a great idea. Just a thought: Why not use breast milk storage bags? Medela makes a good bag and so does Lansinoh. They come pre-sterilized and it seals the milk from the elements. Of the two, I prefer the Lansinoh – easier to thaw & they stack better when frozen. FWIW: Both allow you to freeze up to 6oz of milk per bag.


Tennille July 3, 2014 at 6:29 pm

I have loved this formula! We adopted and I did attempt to breastfeed but wasn’t producing enough and so we needed something to supplement with and now this is all we use. Our pediatrician wants me to move him on to the weston a price formula and it scares me. The pediatrician says there isn’t enough fat in the recipe so I attempted to just add more fat to see if that helped (our little guy wasn’t gaining as much weight as the dr would like to see, (now he is gaining weight and is growing he’s 3 months and 12 lbs, 23 1/4 in., I have to trim his nails daily, he is in 3 mo. clothes, he is healthy, happy, meeting developmental milestones and sleeping well up to 8 hour stretches at night). When I increase the fats he chokes when eating and throws up constantly in between feedings. It’s not spit up it’s gagging and throwing up. Any suggestions? I don’t want to do the WAP recipe, I don’t know how I could make that work with our lifestyle. I’m very open to suggestions!
BTW LOVE Julie’s idea of freezing the liquids in the ice tray! Brilliant!
Help! Please!
Thank you!


katie July 6, 2014 at 9:59 pm

I’m not sure if it is my son going through a phase or if the formula is making him sleep a lot less. Has anyone else had any problems with sleeping??? Please help.


gabriela July 8, 2014 at 2:24 am

can i give this formula to my one month?


Becky July 11, 2014 at 8:59 pm

I am adopting a newborn in 4 weeks and want to use goat milk formula for her. I was wondering if its safe to use from day one as listed in you recipe here, and what about the goat milk colostrum? Is it used with infants?


Tennille August 15, 2014 at 5:05 am

Congratulations Becky! We adopted a newborn 4 1/2 months ago. I was able to breastfeed with supplements and domperidone (rx) but only lasted about 2 months (didn’t produce enough) although IF I had started domperidone a few weeks before he arrived I probably would have been fine breastfeeding longer.
I Started our little guy on this formula at 2 months, it’s been amazing! Just read through all of the notes, you do need to adjust the oil and I added more using 1/8-1/4 tsp of (flax, avocado, grape seed, coconut, olive and sunflower oils). I also do Nortic Naturals infant oil in 1-2 ounces/day. I ordered goat colostrum and add a scoop to every bottle as well. I did have to play with the amount of fat and calories because our pediatrician said he needed to put on weight and too much fat would make him spit up more and he’d avoid the fatty part of his bottle. I use 1 tblspn + 1 teaspoon Maple Syrup per 8 ounces. Feel free to email me if you have any questions, our little guy is 19 1/2 weeks and doing fantastic!


B August 17, 2014 at 4:51 pm

Hi there, I have been pumping for almost 7 months and will be transitioning to this formula. I am a little confused about the oils. From the FAQ page, you only add probiotics and multivitamin drops to 1 bottle, but the carbs, fats, and molasses are added to every bottle, correct? And did you use all of the oils you mentioned above for every bottle or did you rotate them? For instance, did you combine flax, avocado, grapeseed, coconut, olive, and sunflower oils for EACH bottle or did you choose flax for one bottle, coconut for another, etc? And with the Nortic Naturals, you added that in addition to the other oils you are already adding? You said you add it in 1-2 oz/day. Can you add it to the whole bottle since my child drinks about 6 oz with each bottle as of right now? Did the goat colostrum come with a scoop or do you have a specific measurement of how much should be added to each bottle? And as for the maple syrup, did you get grade B in the small glass bottles or the big plastic jug? I always thought they were the same product, but when tasting them, they both taste completely different even though the ingredients appear to be the same and both say Grade B on it. Sorry for all these questions, I just want to make sure i do this correctly :)


laura blessing July 15, 2014 at 12:01 pm
My pediatrician is not condoning the use of this formula due to the reasons listed on the site pasted above. Can you send me information to respond to this please? I love the formula and so does my daughter. Yet this site gave me concern as well with stating that the use of goat milk formula are being taken off the market in the U.K. and also these reasons:
Goat’s milk is not indicated for use in infancy. Here is some rationale:

1) Goat’s milk is deficient in folic acid and vitamin B6.

2) Goat’s milk is higher in protein than human milk (1.0 gm pro/100 ml) and infant formula (1.4 gm/100 ml). It actually has 3.6 gm pro/100 ml, which puts an infant at risk for dehydration and a higher renal solute load.

3) The reason many of the “recipes” for goat’s milk for infants call for dilution (usually the recommendations are to dilute it to 2/3 strength, but in this case, it appears to be for half strength) is to decrease the renal (kidney) solute load. When it is diluted, however, nutrients including energy, are diluted. With this comes the risk of hyponatremia or water intoxication, which can result in seizures. Dilution of goat’s milk to half-strength supplies about 10 calories per ounce.

This means to meet the energy needs (98 kcal x 8.25 kg, which is the 50th percentile for a 7 month old boy), 80 ounces per day of goat’s milk would be required.

4) Goat’s Milk Acidosis has been reported in the literature most likely secondary to the high protein level.

5) It may be appropriate to try a formula that has no intact protein, milk, casein or soy and gradually introduce individual foods rather than rely on goat’s milk which is not recommended for infants.”

Thank you for your help.


Stacey July 25, 2014 at 1:57 am

Laura, all of your questions are thoroughly addressed in the FAQ section. It is recommended to give an infant multivitamin to supplement folic acid and b vitamins. The goat milk is diluted and the carbs and fats are added back in through the oils and sugar. There is no risk of hypothermia or water intoxication due to adding the fats and sugars back in. Goats milk acidosis is not an issue because of the dilution, and goats milk is excellent for infants. This recipe was developed by a professional nutritionist with an advanced degree. Pediatricians are not nutritionists. When they have a question about nutrition they look it up on the internet just like the rest of us. Your pediatrician appears to have quoted the same information which has been quoted and required many times over.


Stacey July 25, 2014 at 1:58 am

‘re-quoted’ not ‘required’ pardon me


Sarah July 20, 2014 at 2:26 am

I’m in the UK and I don’t have access to those particular vitamins. The ones I purchased from Amazon (Well Baby multivitamin drops) don’t have 100% of the RDA for any of the vitamins listed. It only has about 20-30%. Is my baby getting enough vitamins? I know the molasses has some, but is it enough to pick up the slack from the vitamin drops? My son seems fine, if a bit irregular since starting this formula despite putting triple the molasses in his bottles, however I’ve noticed his nail growth has slowed and this makes me think he’s not getting enough vitamins. Thoughts please? I’m quite worried and will be taking him to the doctor to get this checked :(


Erin August 7, 2014 at 5:18 pm

If you are using goat milk formula, PLEASE be sure to use a multivitamin WITH trace minerals. all the ones sited above do not have trace minerals such as zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, etc. Ones that only have Vitamin A, D, E, and the B vitamins is not sufficient. NanoVM is a powdered vitamin product that does contain all of these- they have a Registered Dietitian on staff that can assist you with proper dosing depending on the age of your child.


Sophie July 21, 2014 at 2:42 pm

The oil keeps separating as soon as I make the bottle, I have to keep pulling it out of her mouth to shake it up, at this rate she’s going to have nothing but oil to drink in the bottom of her bottle. I don’t wanna make her sick, is there a trick to fix this?


Tennille August 15, 2014 at 5:10 am

we have that happen too. I use to give a good shake when burping and now 2 1/2 months later he’s fine with drinking the oils. Sometimes I would add a scoop of goat colostrum and shake that up with the oil he had an easier time drinking it. Another thought (which I was thinking about trying but now that the oils don’t bother our son I haven’t attempted) would be to use the milkshake/protein shakers (with the mixer ball in it) to see if that helps.


Mrs H July 23, 2014 at 2:35 pm

So I have used this for my now 13 month old, since he was 6 months! I am in LOVE with this recipe!! It’s so easy to make, and my little one has thrived on it! I had two others before him that I had to put on formulas, and after the second I knew there HAD to be a better option than what I was getting at the store!! Wish I would have found this sooner, but thankful I found it when I did!!


Victoria July 29, 2014 at 2:34 pm

I’m sorry, I’m a little confuse and I promise I’m not an idiot; but on the recipe card, it has instructions on the bottom left for water and such for making the 8oz, what are the instructions for that section for the gallon or quart? My baby only take 5oz bottle so making 8oz is not going to work. ALSO if we make a quart or gallon ahead, the coconut oil will solidify, how do you suggest we get bottles from this? Maybe store in something you can scoop out instead of pour out? NEED HELP PLEASE REPLY! TIA


Michelle July 29, 2014 at 6:09 pm

How long will the formula last in the refrigerator once you make it? Once the baby has drinking out of the bottle how long will it stay good ? Can you put it back in the Ridgerider and feed the same bottle later? Thanks


Christine August 2, 2014 at 3:42 pm

My son is 4 months old and we’ve had problems feeding him within the first few weeks of his life. I stopped breastfeeding at 7 weeks.. We’ve tried countless formulas to no avail. Everything made him projectile vomit, he seemed constantly in pain and was having solid poops! Its been a rollercoaster of emotions and wanting to help my son….. For the past month, his appetite had decreased to around 18 ounces in a 24 hour period. Scary! My sister suggested goats milk, I found this formula….. Its only been 32 hours since I started him on it, but I feel like the clouds have opened up and the bright and shiney days are upon us! He consumed 49 ounces of this formula in 24 hrs, he loves it!!! A weight has been lifted off my shoulders.. Its amazing to see my sweet baby suck his bottles dry! I’m one very happy mommy. I personally use raw goats milk with this formula, I think its easier and the kind I get is a very good, reputable organic grass fed goats milk.


Jill August 4, 2014 at 1:15 am

I am having supply issues in my 9 month of breast feeding. I am able to pump about half of what I need. How do I mix breast milk and capra milk together in one bottle?


Beth August 4, 2014 at 2:25 am

I would also like to know if this is the recommended recipe, mainly concerned with the pro biotic and vitamin doses, for newborns? I can’t find any recommended dosages for infants under 6 months so I have no idea. Thanks!


Beth August 4, 2014 at 2:40 am

Also, was curious about DHA requirements.


Jill August 6, 2014 at 1:51 am

I created a group on facebook called Mt Capra Moms and Dads, to help each other out. I have questions that I want answered and I think we can help each other.


Becky August 11, 2014 at 7:28 pm

Hello! We just adopted and I had found your recipe beforehand. I started her on it after she came home from the hospital. One questions I have is what about ARA and DHA for brain development in a newborn? Do you have recommendations for a supplement?


Tennille August 15, 2014 at 5:13 am

Nordic Naturals has a good supplement and I’ve added more oils (just less of each) 1/8-1/4 tsp of (flax, avocado, grape seed, coconut, olive and sunflower oils).
Baby’s Only has a ARA and DHA powder we use when we travel.


Becky August 11, 2014 at 7:30 pm

Also…I signed up so I could get the recipe card for larger batches and couldn’t figure out how to retrieve it? Was it supposed to be emailed to me?


John August 13, 2014 at 4:45 am

Hope everyone is reading their milk instructions carefully. I picked up a can of condensed milk liquid (because that is all I could find) and it requires you to dilute it 1:1 with water for whole milk, so that means 3:1 (water/milk) for this recipe. 1oz of condensed milk ends up making 4oz of this recipe.

Also, at my local health foods store, they had a choice of 2 multivitamins. The one I picked up looked to be the more complete of the two. The brand is called “Child Life Essentials” one of the things I was happy to see in it is Selenium.

Lastly, looking at the recommended dosing of the vitamins for this recipe are you sure 1tsp is not too much? The bottle calls for 1tsp per day. If your little one is consuming 24oz per day he/she ends up getting 3x the recommended daily dose. I will only be supplementing 1 bottle per day for my little one so I might go ahead and keep the full dose (ill adjust as needed down the road) but, if this formula was 100% of my baby’s nourishment, I personally would be inclined to cut back on the vitamins a little. Thoughts?


Jamie August 13, 2014 at 8:04 pm

I have used this formula for my baby since before he was 6 Mo old. I was able to take him off reflux meds the next week. He had been throwing up constantly before hand. Every week he was on the formula he threw up less and less. He was super fussy all the time and in pain from reflux, gas bubbles and constipation. It all cleared up from this formula. This was a life saver for us. He is now 11 months old and wearing 18 month clothes. He is happy, healthy and a great sleeper. I was very nervous to switch from conventional formula and I am so glad that I did. I have since recommended it to my sister in law who’s baby was constantly throwing up and on reflux meds. He was also very fussy. First day on it, we saw a huge difference and no throwing up! My Mother in law is a pediatrician and she saw the difference in the boys. She has since recommended it to patience who’s babies have not found rest any other way. My pediatrician was fine with it. She just tested my baby’s iron levels. Test came back perfect:) All is well here in CO. If your scared to try, I would say don’t be:)

Thank you so much for sharing this!


ashley August 19, 2014 at 4:01 am

I want to start making this formula for my newborn but i also have a 1 yr old That instead of starting him on cows milk I want to start him on goats milk because of the similarities in goats milk vs human milk. I plan on still adding the vitamins and his probiotic to it but should i dilute it still? Or should I start him on the goats milk formula first then wean to regular goats milk? Any thoughts on this?


Carmen August 29, 2014 at 5:12 pm

I am a new grandmother and the baby’s mother wants to supplement with this. Could you please tell me what the storage suggestions are and how long will a gallon of your formula keep? Thanks


Angie August 31, 2014 at 1:06 am


I’m purchasing a quart of raw goat milk tomorrow. If I want to make a large batch to freeze, what are the measurements? I know I dilute it 50/50. Hopefully someone can answer! Thanks!


Jane September 1, 2014 at 2:11 pm

I have looked for the country life vitamins and couldn’t find them locally or online. I did find two other vitamins though – twinlab’s infant care mutlivitamin with DHA (but doesn’t contain folate!) and child life multivitamin and mineral (contains folate and B6/B12 but has added calcium, iodine, magnesium, zinc, selenium, manganese, chromium, and potassium, and is indicated for ages 6 months and up.)
My son is 2 months old and I am breastfeeding, but I work full time and am pumping as much as I can, but I am having to supplement 4-6 oz per day, and we appear to have a milk allergy.
So, the question is, should I use the twinlab vitamins and add nutritional yeast, or use the child life vitamins with added minerals… and will it really be a big deal since he is getting mostly breast milk?


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